Which uninstalled package provides a file?

$ apt-file find guestmount
guestmount: /usr/bin/guestmount
guestmount: /usr/share/bash-completion/completions/guestmount
guestmount: /usr/share/doc/guestmount/changelog.Debian.gz
guestmount: /usr/share/doc/guestmount/copyright
guestmount: /usr/share/man/ja/man1/guestmount.1.gz
guestmount: /usr/share/man/man1/guestmount.1.gz
guestmount: /usr/share/man/uk/man1/guestmount.1.gz

Building GDB on a freshly installed machine FAQ

So you just installed Fedora, RHEL or CentOS and now you want to build GDB from source.

  1. How do you make sure everything you need to build it is installed?
    # dnf builddep gdb
  2. Did it say, No such command: builddep? Do this, then try again:
    # dnf install dnf-plugins-core
  3. Did it say, dnf: command not found…? You’re using yum, try this:
    # yum-builddep gdb
  4. Did it say, yum-builddep: command not found…? Do this, then try again:
    # yum install yum-utils

Thank you, you’re welcome.

“Reformat the filesystem to enable support”

Apparently it’s been a while since I ran containers on my office computer—and by a while, I mean, since November 2016—because if your initial install was RHEL or CentOS 7.2 or older then neither Docker nor Podman will work:

# yum -q -y install podman skopeo buildah
# podman pull registry.access.redhat.com/ubi7/ubi
Error: could not get runtime: kernel does not support overlay fs: overlay: the backing xfs filesystem is formatted without d_type support, which leads to incorrect behavior. Reformat the filesystem with ftype=1 to enable d_type support. Running without d_type is not supported.: driver not supported

So… ugh. I didn’t have any disks it’d work on either:

# for i in $(awk '{ if ($3 == "xfs") print $2 }' /etc/mtab); do xfs_info $i; done | grep ftype
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0
naming   =version 2              bsize=4096   ascii-ci=0 ftype=0

I didn’t reformat anything though. podman pull wants overlayFS on /var/run/containers/storage, and buildah bud wants it on /var/lib/containers/storage. I made loopback disks for both:

  1. Find/make space somewhere, then create a directory to put the images in:
    # mkdir -p /store/containers
  2. Create a big file, whatever size you want, for the disk image. I made mine 20GiB. It took a couple minutes, my disks are slow:
    # dd if=/dev/zero of=/store/containers/var_lib_containers.img bs=1M count=20K
  3. Find a free loop device and associate the file to it:
    # losetup -f /dev/loop1
    # losetup /dev/loop1 /store/containers/var_lib_containers.img 
  4. Format the “device”, then detach it from the file:
    # mkfs -t xfs -n ftype=1 /dev/loop1
    # losetup -d /dev/loop1
  5. Mount the “disk”, and see if it worked:
    # mount -oloop /store/containers/var_lib_containers.img /var/lib/containers
    # df -h /var/lib/containers
    Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    /dev/loop1       20G   33M   20G   1% /var/lib/containers
  6. It worked? Make it permanent:
    # echo "/store/containers/var_lib_containers.img /var/lib/containers xfs defaults,loop 1 2" >> /etc/fstab

Rinse and repeat for the other drive it needed. Then try again:

# podman pull registry.access.redhat.com/ubi7/ubi
Trying to pull registry.access.redhat.com/ubi7/ubi...Getting image
source signatures
Copying blob bff3b73cbcc4 done
Copying blob 7b1c937e0f67 done
Copying config 6fecccc91c done
Writing manifest to image destination
Storing signatures

Resetting the root password on Fedora

Yesterday I made a Fedora 30 VM on my RHEL 7 box, and for some reason I couldn’t log in as root after the installation finished. Well, it’s been a while, so I had to look it up, and following the instructions didn’t work either—I finally managed to get a shell, but the terminal was corrupted. Because it was a VM? Because the instructions were out of date? I’ve no idea. Anyway, here’s what I did, with the stuff that wasn’t in the instructions kind of yellowish:

  1. Reboot and wait for the GRUB menu to appear. You may need to be pressing Shift for this to happen.
  2. In the menu, highlight any entry and press e to edit it.
  3. Find the line beginning with linux. Remove the rhgb and quiet options, then add init=/bin/sh at the end of the line.
  4. Press Ctrl-X to boot with those options. After a while you should get a root shell. The prompt was sh-5.0# on my system, not sh-4.2# like the instructions say, but it doesn’t matter.
  5. Run the commands in the instructions:
    /usr/sbin/load_policy -i
    mount -o remount,rw /
    passwd root
    mount -o remount,ro /
  6. The instructions say to reboot now, but none of the commands to reboot the system worked at this point. Probably they expected systemd. No problem, I hit “Force Reset” in Virtual Machine Manager. I probably should have run a sync or two beforehand, but I didn’t think to.

Ta-da, working system!